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 Academic Studies 

In view of drug preventive policies and worldwide trends of development, we set the developmental plan for academic studies as follows:

  • 1. Investigation and monitoring of pervasiveness rate: Taiwan does not have sufficient monitoring of drug abuse in specific groups (the general public, juveniles, and high-risk drug addicts), estimations of respective populations of drug users, the service of related resources, drug abuse, drug control, preventive policies, and the analysis and evaluation of the marginal effect of national resources. Dr. Wen-Da Lor, Director of the Survey Research Center, is the head of of this sub-proposal, in charge of investigation and analysis of drug monitoring.
  • 2. The preventive education of drug abuse: According to the principles and recommendations from UNODCCP and NIDA, the preventive actions of drug abuse shall be the base of building a sound understanding and a healthy perception helps young generations develop well-rounded personalities and social accommodation skills. The effect will be optimized if integration can occur among academic institutions, family, community and social networks to provide counseling, prevention and tracking for high-risk groups. Dr. Ming-Dih Lin, Dean of the College of Education at National Chung-Cheng University, is the head of this sub-proposal, in charge of the preventive program curricular planning, material design and the participations of research in academic institutions and social communities.
  • 3. The clinical and medical treatment for drug abstinence: Clinical/medical treatment is the core of abstinence therapy. Currently, opium drugs are the only ones which have drug replacement medicine; there are no other drugs which have substitutes. The development of non-drug treatment is slow. Dr. Rue-Bing Lu, Director of the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, is the head of this sub-proposal, leading the study of the clinical treatment of drugs and the replacement medicines.
  • 4. The psychological treatment for abstinence and social reintegration: To enhance the effect of drug abstinence, a comprehensive drug abstinence model will involve physical, psychological and social aspects of medical abstinence, community counseling and monitoring. Dr. Rue-Rong Cheng, Chair of the Department of Criminology at National Chung Cheng University, is the head of this sub-proposal, leading the study of the evaluation of drug abusers, the abstinence therapy models, community treatment and rehabilitation and the community monitoring.
  • 5. Forensic science and drug identification technology: Dr. Shen-Fu Chang, Director of the Telecommunication Center, is the head of this sub-proposal. The initial stage will adopt the real-time drug identification system (the Raman Spectrum Electronic-nose), the electronic tracking system and the physical monitoring system. The electronic-nose can be utilized in the drug tracking to block drug manufacturing and its transportation channels, and also detects a trace of drug dust spreading through AC systems. The electronic tracking system is applied in the community monitoring for drug abusers as a new solution for alternative placement, which would be helpful for drug abstinence.
  • 6. The prevention of organized crime and money laundering: The most efficient way to minimize the drug supply is to crack down on drug dealing organizations and to identify and confiscate the illegal money and uncover the illegal actions underneath legal financial activities through financial auditing. Dr. Chin-Shih Ou of the College of Management at National Chung-Cheng University is the head of this sub-proposal, planning the study of money laundering, the auditing of regulated drugs and medicine.
  • 7. The evaluation of law and policy: The policy of illegal drug prevention and treatment is isolated from criminal justice, but the inter-system cooperation, system design and supplementary actions still need to comply with the legal system. Each groups research findings applied to drug prevention still involve their compatibility with regulations and laws. Dr. Wen-Shen Hsiao, the Dean of the College of Law at National Chung Cheng University, is the head of this sub-proposal, leading the study of law-making.

 Current Research and Future Plans 

At present, domestic research on drug problems focuses mainly on addiction treatment and screening and is primarily carried out by researchers in hospitals and medical schools. Some researchers are scattered in various other fields, such as education, psychology, and counseling, but there is a lack integration of resources. Overseas, many countries put great effort into prevention, treatment, monitoring and research, with a large part of the work carried out by national institutes, such as NIDA, AIC, and EMCDDA. Currently, there is no such a central coordinating body in Taiwan.

There is a great need for integration of research from various sub-fields in order to construct a comprehensive picture of the problem and design appropriate solutions. Specific measures include:

  • 1. Construction of a drug use monitoring center, and a database for international information exchange and the provision of reference and evaluation of drug policies.
  • 2. Establishing an educational resource center for drug abuse prevention for professional training and development of a professional program.
  • 3. Developing crime prevention technology to apply existing technologies in practice.
  • 4. Assisting civil organizations with professional drug abstinence treatment to promote professional resources for the amelioration of drug problems.
  • 5. Proposing complete recommendations on drug prevention policy to promote practical use, institutional change and law amendment.

Dr. Jyh-Yang WU, the President of National Chung Cheng University, is assigned as the convener. Dr. Ing-Kang HO, the Vice President of National Health Research Institutes, serves as the vice convener. Dr. Henry Chang-Yu LEE, the internationally distinguished forensic scientist, is serving as the chair of consultant committee. Dr. Shu-Lung YANG, the distinguished professor of the university , acts as the director, and the vice director is taken by Dr. Ru-Bin LU, Professor at the Department of Psychiatry, National Chung Kung University Hospital, along with the Secretary General Chau-Huei CHEN serves as the assessment assistant.

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CCU has many crucial publications in various research fields closely related to drug abuse prevention and treatment. The following five research papers are representative works collected from each area.

  • 1. T.S.H. Lee, L.A. Fu, and P. Fleming, Using Focus Groups to Investigate the Educational Needs of Female Heroin Injection Users in Taiwan in Relation to HIV/AIDS Prevention, Health Education Research, 21(1), 55-65, 2006. (SSCI, 5/91; IF: 1.405).
  • 2. R.B. Lu, J.F. Lee, S.Y. Huang, S.Y. Lee, P.H. Kuo, S.L. Chen, S.H. Chen, W.W. Lin, P.L. Wu, and H.C. Ko, Interaction between ALDH2*1*1 and DRD2/ANKK1 TaqI A1A1 Genes May be Associated with Antisocial Personality Disorder not Comorbid with Alcoholism, Addiction Biology, 2010. [Epub ahead of print] (SCI; IF: 4.99)
  • 3. C.C. Chang, T.-Y. Chin, J.-C. Wu, and S.-F. Chang, Novel Design of a 2.5-GHz Fully-Integrated CMOS Butler Matrix for Smart-Antenna Systems, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 56, pp. 1757-1763, Aug. 2008. (IF: 2.076)
  • 4. Shen, Xine, Chris Purser, Lu-Tai Tien, Chi-Tso Chiu, Ian A. Paul, Rodney Baker, Horace H. Loh, I.K. Ho(^), Loh, and T. Ma, m-opioid receptor knockout mice are insensitive to Methaphetamine-Induced Behavioral Sensitization. Soc. Neurosci. 88: pp.2294-2302, 2010.
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